خلیج کوچک پگی، نوا اسکوشیا
Peggy’s Cove, Nova Scotia
Why do people travel hundreds of miles to look at beautiful scenery? And why does one particular place attract many more visitors than similar places not far away? Peggy’s Cove in Nova Scotia, Canada, is one of those special spots that draws people from all over the world. It is hard to explain its special charm, but any one who has been there will know what I am talking about. The southern-eastern shore of Nova Scotia possesses many picturesque fishing villages and many beautiful seascapes. But one doesn’t have to go very far from the capital city of Halifax to see this special spot. There are no trees around Peggy’s Cove. The dominant feature are huge round granite rocks, many of them the size of houses.
They seem to be pushing up and out of the land and sea. Nestled inside the circle of these rocks is a group of fishing huts. Now and then a fishing boat leaves by the little bay or cove, in order to travel out into the great Atlantic Ocean. For nearly two hundred years, there have been fishermen at Peggy’s Cove. All around the little harbour there are huts or “fish stores” where the fishermen do their work. Here they bring in the fish, and clean them, wash them and salt them. The salted fish are then stored in barrels. Nowadays, however, more fish are sold fresh than salted. Visiting as a tourist, I wandered into one of these huts while the fisherman was busy at his work. He explained to me that, although Peggy’s Cove is a tourist destination, it is also a working fishing village. The fishermen get no money from the tourists, but have to take the time to talk to them and explain their work.
There are, however, some tourist shops and tea rooms in the vicinity. Part of the charm of Peggy’s Cove is that it is so small. The population has been well under 100 people for most of its history. The buildings are mostly small dwellings, with the lighthouse being the most prominent structure. A good variety of fish are caught in the area, including mackerel, herring, haddock, cod and halibut. Lobsters are also trapped nearby. However, because of over-fishing, catches have declined in recent decades. The plants and animals of the area are also of interest. Showy purple lupins grow close to the ocean. They thrive on salty ground, and the closer they grow to the spray of the ocean the better. One of the world’s few carnivorous plants – the common pitcher plant – also grows around Peggy’s Cove. Its leaves trap insects, which are digested to nourish the plant. Common birds are the stately blue heron, which likes to fish in the marshy pools. The heron stands several feet high and spear fish and frogs with its sharp beak. Another bird is the osprey, or fish hawk.
The osprey’s keen eyes can spot a fish moving beneath the surface of the water. It can dive swiftly, hitting the water with great speed, catch the fish in its claws, and then fly away with its catch. I have also seen pools close to the ocean full of large tadpoles. These tadpoles spend several years in the water before they develop into bullfrogs. Bullfrogs, the largest Canadian frog, have been know to eat baby ducks and small fish. Looking over the little harbour and out toward the great ocean, one notices the contrast between the very small and the very large. If Peggy’s Cove were larger, it would be more ordinary. As it is, it represents all the little fishing villages, where men have gone forth in little boats to fish on the wide ocean.
[Transitive] to attract someone or make them want to do something
Draw somebody to somethingWhat first drew you to teaching?
Beth felt strangely drawn to this gentle stranger.
The festival is likely to draw huge crowds .
To attract or interest somebody
Draw somebody The movie is drawing large audiences.
The course draws students from all over the country.
Draw somebody to something Her screams drew passers-by to the scene
The power or ability to please, attract, or delight: This quaint old town has a charm you couldn’t find in a big city.
A man of great charm
When she discovered how rich he was, she really turned on the charm. (=started using her charm)
a special quality someone or something has that makes people like them, feel attracted to them, or be easily influenced by them – used to show approval
Charm ofThe charm of this small Southern city
She turned on the charm (=used her charm) to everyone she met. The room had no windows and all the charm of a prison cell (=used to say that something has no charm).
1 [UNCOUNTABLE] the power of pleasing or attracting people
A man of great charm
The hotel is full of charm and character.
2 [COUNTABLE] a feature or quality that is pleasing or attractive
Her physical charms (= her beauty)
A picture of the sea
More powerful, important, or noticeable than other people or things
The dominant male gorilla is the largest in the group.
Japan became dominant in the mass market during the 1980s.
Its dominant position within the group
More important, powerful or noticeable than other things
The firm has achieved a dominant position in the world market.
The dominant feature of the room was the large fireplace.
1:a : commanding, controlling, or prevailing over all others
The dominant culture
b : very important, powerful, or successful
a dominant theme
a dominant industry
2: overlooking and commanding from a superior position:a dominant hill
Examples of DOMINANTThe company is now dominant in its market.
It is the dominant culture in the region.
The dominant female of the pack
Synonyms: arch, big, capital, cardinal, central, chief, foremost, first, grand, great, greatest, highest, key, leading, main, master, number one (also No. 1), numero uno, overbearing, overmastering, overriding, paramount, predominant, preeminent, premier, primal, primary, principal, prior, sovereign (also sovran), supreme
Antonyms: last, least
1 [INTRANSITIVE] + adverb/preposition to sit or lie down in a warm or soft place
He hugged her and she nestled against his chest.
2 [TRANSITIVE] nestle somebody/something + adverb/preposition
To put or hold somebody/something in a comfortable position in a warm or soft place
He nestled the baby in his arms.
She nestled her head against his shoulder.
3 [INTRANSITIVE] + adverb/preposition
To be located in a position that is protected, sheltered or partly hidden
The little town nestles snugly at the foot of the hill.
1:to settle snugly or comfortably
2: to lie in an inconspicuous or sheltered manner
Examples of NESTLEHe nestled his head against his mother’s shoulder.
She carefully nestled the hamster into its cage.
The fly ball nestled into the outfielder’s glove.
Synonyms: cuddle, nuzzle
A small, simply built house or shelter
A beach hut
A wooden hut
Now and thenSource 1
(Every) now and then/now and again
I hear from him every now and then.
I still see her every now and then.
From time to time; occasionally
Every now and again she checked to see if he was still asleep.
From time to time: occasionally
Now and then we go off to the country
Examples of NOW AND THENWe do go to the library now and then, but not as often as we should
Synonyms: here and there, now, sometimes, occasionally
Someone who catches fish as a sport or as a job
A large round container, usually made of wood or metal, with flat ends and, usually, curved sides
a beer/wine barrel
In the vicinity (of something)
In the area around a particular place
The stolen car was found in the vicinity of the station.
There used to be a mill in the vicinity.
The area around a particular place
Crowds gathered in the vicinity of Trafalgar Square.
There is no hospital in the immediate vicinity.
1: the quality or state of being near: proximity
2: a surrounding area or district: neighborhood
Examples of VICINITY
There are no hotels in the vicinity of the hospital
The vicinity of the town’s only elementary school was one reason why the young couple bought the house
A house, apartment, etc., where people live: Welcome to my humble dwelling!
A tower with a powerful flashing light that guides ships away from danger
A prominent Russian scientist
Play a prominent part/role (in something)
Mandela played a prominent role in the early years of the ANC.
The World Cup will have a prominent place on the agenda.
1 important or well known
A prominent politician
He played a prominent part in the campaign.
She was prominent in the fashion industry.
2 easily seen
The church tower was a prominent feature in the landscape.
The story was given a prominent position on the front page.
1: standing out or projecting beyond a surface or line : protuberant
2a : readily noticeable : conspicuous
b : widely and popularly known : leading
Examples of PROMINENT
He quickly became prominent in the music industry.
He placed the award in a prominent position on his desk.
He has a prominent nose.
The most prominent peak in the mountain range
… And a small precise mouth he kept pursed over teeth a shade too prominent and yellow. —John Updike, the Afterlife, 1994
When the easy way out seemed to be for a number of prominent men to support a petition to get Davis a pardon, which, if granted, would get the President and others off the hook, Davis was determined to let them hang there. —Robert Penn Warren, Jefferson Davis Gets His Citizenship Back, 1980
His eyes, which tended to bulge when he was exercised, were not quite prominent. —E. L. Doctorow, Ragtime, 1974
I don’t mind his calling me raw. He is reckoned raw himself and at the same time perhaps the most prominent of the younger poets here. —Robert Frost, letter, c. 16 June 1913
Synonyms: arresting, bold, brilliant, commanding, dramatic, emphatic, eye-catching, marked, noisy, noticeable, pronounced, remarkable, showy, splashy, striking
Antonyms: inconspicuous, unnoticeable, unobtrusive, unremarkable
A sea fish with greenish-blue bands on its body, that is used for food
An N Atlantic fish that swims in very large groups and is used for food
Shoals of herring
Fresh herring fillets
A sea fish like a cod but smaller, with white flesh that is used for food
A large sea fish with white flesh that is used for food
Fishing for cod
Cod and parsley sauce
A large flat sea fish that is used for food
To catch an animal or bird using a trap
To catch an animal in a trap
Raccoons used to be trapped for their fur.
Something that is showy is very colorful, big, expensive etc, especially in a way that attracts people’s attention
An attractive shrub with showy flowers
So brightly colored, large or exaggerated that it attracts a lot of attention
1:making an attractive show: striking
a showy orchid
2: given to or marked by a flashy often tasteless display
Synonyms: brilliant, conspicuous, dramatic, emphatic, eye-catching, marked, noisy, prominent, pronounced, remarkable, noticeable, splashy, striking
Antonyms: inconspicuous, unemphatic, unnoticeable, unremarkable, unshowy
Thrive on something
To enjoy or be successful in a particular situation, especially one that other people find difficult or unpleasant
I wouldn’t want that much pressure, but she seems to thrive on it.
To enjoy something or be successful at something, especially something that other people would not like
He thrives on hard work.
Very small drops of a liquid that are sent through the air, for example by the wind
A cloud of fine spray came up from the waterfall. (FIGURATIVE) a spray of machine-gun bullets
Water flying in small drops or particles blown from waves or thrown up by a waterfall
A flesh-eating animal:
Lions are carnivores; rabbits are not.
Any animal that eats meat
Compare herbivore, insectivore, and omnivore
1: subsisting or feeding on animal tissues
2of a plant: subsisting on nutrients obtained from the breakdown of animal protoplasm (as of insects)
A plant (especially family Sarraceniaceae, the pitcher-plant family) with pitcher-shaped leaves in which insects are trapped and digested by means of a fluid secreted by the leaves
Digest (something) when you digest food, or it digests, it is changed into substances that your body can use
Humans cannot digest plants such as grass.
You should allow a little time after a meal for the food to digest.
2 [transitive] digest something to think about something so that you fully understand it
He paused, waiting for her to digest the information.
To give a person or other living thing the food and other substances they need in order to live, grow, and stay healthy
The cream contains vitamin A to nourish the skin. a well nourished baby
Vitamins are added to the shampoo to nourish the hair.
A large bird with a long neck and long legs, that lives near water
MarshAn area of low land that is always soft and wet because there is nowhere for the water to flow away to
Cows were grazing on the marshes.
After so much rain, the field had become a marsh (= a very wet area).
1: resembling or constituting a marsh
2: relating to or occurring in marshes
Spear something/somebodyTo throw or push a spear or other pointed object through something/somebody
They were standing in the river spearing fish.
She speared an olive with her fork.
1: to pierce, strike, or take with or as if with a spear
2: to catch (as a baseball) with a sudden thrust of the arm
A large bird of prey (= a bird that kills other creatures for food) that eats fish
A strong fast bird of prey (= a bird that kills other creatures for food)
He waited, watching her like a hawk (= watching her very closely).
Swift1 happening or done quickly and immediately; doing something quickly
A swift decision
He rose to his feet in one swift movement.
Swift to do something The White House was swift to deny the rumors.
2 moving very quickly; able to move very quickly
A swift current
A swift runner
Swiftly (Adverb)Surprise was swiftly followed by outrage.
She moved swiftly to the rescue.
: fast / quick / rapidThese adjectives are frequently used with the following nouns:
Fast (Car, train, bowler, pace, Lane)
Quick(glance, look, reply, decision, way)
Rapid (growth, change, increase, decline, progress)
Fast is used especially to describe a person or thing that moves or is able to move at great speed.
Quick is more often used to describe something that is done in a short time or without delay.
Rapid, swift and speedy are more formal words.
Rapid is most commonly used to describe the speed at which something changes. It is not used to describe the speed at which something moves or is done:
a rapid train
We had a rapid coffee.
Swift usually describes something that happens or is done quickly and immediately: a swift decision
The government took swift action.
Speedy has a similar meaning: a speedy recovery. It is used less often to talk about the speed at which something moves: a speedy car.
For the use of fast and quick as adverbs, see the usage note at quick.
In a swift manner: with speed : quickly
Examples of SWIFTLYSwiftly established himself as a star in Hollywood
Synonyms: apace, briskly, chop-chop, double-quick, fleetly, full tilt, hastily, hell-for-leather, hot, quick, quickly, rapidly, snappily, soon, speedily, swift, fast
Antonyms: slow, slowly
A small creature with a large head and a small tail that lives in water and is the young form of a frog or toad
A large American frog with a loud croak